Eight Ways to Prevent Diabetes Complications

Diabetes (both type-1 and type-2 diabetes) is a silent killer and serious disease. Follow the treatment plan given to you by your diabetologist, which may require round the clock commitment, but it is worth the effort. It is important to know serious complications of diabetes (diabetes complications are retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, diabetic foot complications etc.) and ways to prevent them before they appear. Follow treatment plan for diabetes strictly and follow the following steps carefully to prevent complications of diabetes.

1. Keep blood pressure and cholesterol within normal limit:

If you are diabetic and have high blood pressure, the risk of the risk of blood vessel damage increases several fold and high cholesterol in a diabetic and hypertensive patient increases the risk of blood vessel damage by many folds. To prevent blood vessel damage and reduce risk, keep blood pressure and cholesterol under control, by strictly following the treatment plan given to you by your physician.

2. Do not smoke:

Do not smoke and if you smoke quit smoking as fast as you can, to prevent diabetes complications. Smoking increases the risk of kidney disease, heart attack, peripheral nerve damage. Smoking increases the risk of death among diabetics by several folds.

3. Regular eye examination and general physical examination:

Regular eye check-up by ophthalmologist and general physical examination by physician is important to prevent diabetic complications.

4. Attend to your feet regularly:

Inspect your feet daily to detect blisters, cuts, sores, redness or swelling. Wash your feet with lukewarm water and clean (especially in between toes) them gently daily. If you notice any blisters, cuts, sores, redness or swelling in your feet, consult your doctor.

5. Maintain good oral hygiene:

Diabetes patients are prone to gum infection. Brush your teeth after every meal (at least twice a day) with good quality toothpaste and toothbrush and visit dentist every six months. If you have any problem in teeth, consult your dentist.

6. Get regular vaccines:

Diabetes may lower your immune status and it is important to get certain vaccines such as flu vaccine, pneumonia vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine and some other vaccines (depending on your risk).

7. Regular moderate physical exercise:

Regular moderate physical activity such as brisk walking is recommended. ADA (American Diabetes Association) recommends walking of at least 150 minutes per week spread over at least 5 days for all diabetics who can exercise. During physical exercise, muscles can utilize glucose without need of insulin and make blood sugar control easy and better.

8. Be committed to prevent diabetes complications:

The commitment of diabetes patient is the most important aspect of prevention of diabetes complications. Learn about diabetes and diabetes complications and ways to prevent them, as much as you can. Do not hesitate to ask questions and clarification from your diabetes care team, which include your doctor, diabetes nurse educator and dietitian. Learn about diabetes and understand diabetes well.


There is a saying: Well begin is half done. So, start with strict commitment to stick to the treatment schedule and you can be sure to be able to prevent diabetes complications.

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