Dental implants are suitable for most patients who choose to have this type of dental treatment, but only your dentist can decide whether you are a suitable candidate after a detailed assessment. There are some criteria that a dentist will consider before a patient is prescribed dental implants.
Factors Your Dentist Would Take into Account:
Your present dental health:
Gum disease, abscess, bad breath and broken teeth can all hinder successful implant treatment. Therefore these conditions need to be addressed before the actual surgery to insert implants.
You should have a suitable level of bone density in the mandible (lower jaw), to form a foundation for the implant. A series of x-rays or a CAT scan can establish whether you have sufficient bone density and a jaw structure which is suitable to provide firm anchorage of the implant. Dentists usually recommend bone graft for patients with insufficient jaw bone.
Your overall health and medical condition:
Implant treatment cannot sometimes be provided if you have certain medical conditions. These include hypertension, cancer and some other auto-immune diseases, bruxism (teeth grinding) and untreated type two diabetes. The risk of dental implant failure is higher if you have any of these conditions.
Patients with hypertension or uncontrolled diabetes typically have poor blood circulation levels, which may delay the healing period. Dentists consider the individual condition of the patient and the amount of dental work required before prescribing treatment in such cases. Bruxism is a risk factor as dental implants cannot endure the movement caused by the action of grinding teeth.
Implants are unsuitable for most people below 19 years old because the structure of their jaw would not be developed fully as is in adults. However, there is no maximum age of the patient with regard to dental implant treatment.
Dental implants have a greater chance of failure if you are a heavy smoker. Smoking makes the mouth dry and reduces the blood flow to the treatment area. This results in undue extension of the healing period. Smokers going for dental implant treatment will be asked to abstain from smoking before and during the treatment period.
The success of dental implant treatment depends a great deal on dental hygiene. Your dentist would provide advice on how to care for your new teeth. Brushing and flossing daily is absolutely necessary. If properly taken care of, implants have a success rate of around 98%; they can even last a lifetime. It is advisable to have the implants professionally cleaned by a dental hygienist and examined by a dentist at least every three to four months.
This type of treatment is provided dental implant clinics only after many important factors are considered. Dentists might advise remedial treatment in the case of patients with certain medical conditions. You are a candidate for dental implant treatment if you are healthy and maintain good dental hygiene.